1. What is dental Fluorosis?
2. Sources of Fluoride, Why We're Being Over-Exposed
3. CDC: Overview Infant Formula and Fluorosis (Revised Jan. 7, 2011)
4. EPA: Basic Information about Regulated Drinking Water Contaminants:
Adverse Health Effects
5. 2006 National Research Council Report on Fluoride's Adverse Health Effects
(6.) American Dental Association Interim Guidance: Infant Formula (Nov. 8, 2006)--NO LONGER AVAILABLE
6. American Dental Association Evidence-Based Clinical Recommendations Regarding Fluoride Intake from Reconstituted Infant Formula and Enamel Fluorosis
7. 50 Reasons to Oppose Water Fluoridation
8. 10 Facts About Fluoride
9. Frequently Asked Questions
Dental fluorosis is an irreversible condition causing discoloration of the tooth enamel which is porous and defective. Severe forms leave the tooth structure brittle and prone to breakage. For more information, visit http://www.fluoridealert.org/dental-fluorosis.htm
Source of photo unknown.
Toothpase, tap water, infant formula, soda, beer, wine, processed foods, tea, mechanically deboned chicken, fish, salt...http://www.fluoridealert.org/f-sources.htm#I
USDA Fluoride Content in Foods & Beverages
"Recent evidence suggests that mixing powdered or liquid infant formula concentrate with fluoridated water on a regular basis may increase the chance of a child developing the faint, white markings of very mild or mild enamel fluorosis.
"You can use fluoridated water for preparing infant formula. However, if your child is exclusively consuming infant formula reconstituted with fluoridated water, there may be an increased chance for mild dental fluorosis. To lessen this chance, parents can use low-fluoride bottled water some of the time to mix infant formula; these bottled waters are labeled as de-ionized, purified, demineralized, or distilled." more>>
"Exposure to excessive consumption of fluoride over a lifetime may lead to increased likelihood of bone fractures in adults, and may result in effects on bone leading to pain and tenderness. Children aged 8 years and younger exposed to excessive amounts of fluoride have an increased chance of developing pits in the tooth enamel, along with a range of cosmetic effects to teeth.
"This health effects language is not intended to catalog all possible health effects for fluoride. Rather, it is intended to inform consumers of some of the possible health effects associated with fluoride in drinking water." more>>
"EPA Standard for Fluoride in Drinking Water Is Not Protective;
Tooth Enamel Loss, Bone Fractures of Concern at High Levels
"WASHINGTON -- The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's standard for the maximum amount of fluoride allowed in drinking water -- 4 milligrams of fluoride per liter of water -- does not protect against adverse health effects, says a new report from the National Academies' National Research Council." more>>
American Dental Association Evidence-Based Recommendations REgarding Fluoride intake From Reconstituted Infant Formula and Enamel Fluorosis (Exerpts, only. Please follow links to read the full report).
Fluoride Intake and Enamel Fluorosis
"Ingestion of fluoride during critical periods of tooth development may result in a range of visually detectable changes in enamel opacity that are termed “enamel fluorosis,” a type of hypomineralization of the enamel. more>>
" The panel reached the following conclusions on the basis of available evidence. Clinicians should consider these conclusions in their totality and not as exclusive of one another.
"Consumption of infant formula may be associated with an increased risk of developing enamel fluorosis in the permanent dentition (level III).
"The estimated risk of enamel fluorosis related to fluoride intake from reconstituted infant formula is associated with the fluoride concentration in the drinking water (level III ).
"Factors such as multiple and often concurrent exposures to fluoride during the period of tooth development in children make it difficult to isolate an individual child’s risk of fluorosis development associated with fluoride intake from one specific exposure, such as the use of reconstituted infant formula during the first year of life, (level III)." more>>
" Practitioners should be aware that children are exposed to multiple sources of fluoride during the tooth development period. Reducing fluoride intake from reconstituted infant formula alone will not eliminate the risk of fluorosis development." more>>
"1) Fluoride is not an essential nutrient (NRC 1993 and IOM 1997). No disease has ever been linked to a fluoride deficiency. Humans can have perfectly good teeth without fluoride." more>>
"1) 97% of western Europe has chosen fluoride-free water . This includes: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Northern Ireland, Norway, Scotland, Sweden, and Switzerland. (While some European countries add fluoride to salt, the majority do not.) Thus, rather than mandating fluoride treatment for the whole population, western Europe allows individuals the right to choose, or refuse, fluoride." more>>
Are You Drinking
Toxic Tap Water?
Paul Connett Interview
Industrial Fluoride Pollution:
A Historical Perspective
Chris Bryson Interview,
Part 1 of 3
Chris Bryson Interview,
Part 2 of 3
Chris Bryson Interview,
Part 3 of 3
The Fluoride Deception,
by Mike Adams, HealthRanger
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